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Towns & Villages / Derby

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The city of Derby has a rich and varied past, one that is world-renowned still today. It is the counties largest rural area, and its premier city. There is a fantastic and diverse mixture of arts, entertainment and cultures on offer, and with its historical connections there is something to appeal to all tastes. The city of Derby is constantly developing and moving with the times, a vibrant central hub from which to explore the rest of the county from.

Derby is steeped in history, whether it is as far back as possible prehistoric connections, the early Roman settlements or on to the Industrial Revolution, to name just a few.The River Derwent could have been a possible reason for an early settlement, as it had a reputation for flooding, making it difficult to cross, causing many travellers to perhaps then settle on its banks.

The first settlement that is known for certain was a Roman settlement in the 1st and 2nd centuries. This stronghold was named Derventio, but has since become known as Little Chester. After the Romans departed English shores, a period of one hundred years later saw the arrival of Saxons in the area. A new settlement grew around Markeaton Brook, a good source of water, and indeed many of the place names in and around Derby’s suburbs are traced back to this period of history. The town now began to form around this period of history. The Saxons were to occupy this region for over 300 years, until the arrival of the Danes. Many facts were collected in the Domesday Book, concerning the land and its ownership and for many centuries Derby was a thriving market and agricultural centre.

The steady rise in population and the development of the town and area continued until the onset of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century. The landscape changed as factories were erected and a newfound prosperity began to emerge. Derby established itself as a major Railway centre, and further industrial giants including the world famous Rolls Royce grew in stature from various works facilities around the city itself.

The modern Derby is a thriving multi-cultural centre that continues to expand and look progressively forward, while still managing to retain its historical connections and sense of pride.




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